Siva Temples of South India.


From the book “Siva Temples of South India” by Bharatha Vidya Bhavan.

TWELVE JYOTIRLINGAS

PLACE NAME OF LORD
Somnath (Gujarat)Srisailam (AP)

Ujjain (MP)

Omkareswara (MP)

Kedarnath (UP)

Bhimashankar (Maharashtra)

Varanasi (UP)

Tryambakeswar (Maharashtra)

Vaidyanath (Bihar)

Nageswar (Gujarat)

Rameswaram

Ghirishnesh

SomnatheswaraMallikarjuneswara

Mahakaleswara

Omkareswara

Kedareswara

Bhimashankara

Visweswara

Tryambakeswara

Vaidyanath

Nageswara

Ramanathaswamy

Ghirishneshwara

 

PANCHA BHOOTA KSHETRA

The five great Elements of nature are represented at each one of these temples. Together these temples are called the Pancha Bhoota Kshetras

PLACE NAME OF LORD Element
Srikalahasti (AP)
KancheepuramTiruvannamalai

Chidambaram

Tiruvannaikaval

SrikalahastiswaraEkambareswara

Arunachaleswara

Nataraja

Jambukeswara

AirEarth

Fire

Akasha (Ether / Space)

Water


 

ASHTA VEERATANNA KSHETRA

These are certain places where Lord Siva assumed Rajo Guna and performed heroic deeds for destroying evil forces. Eight such places are specifically mentioned and collectively called Ashta Veerattana Kshetras.

PLACE NAME OF LORD
TirukkoyilurTiruvadigai

Tirrukadavur

Parasalur

Kurrukai

Valuvur

Virkudi

Kandiyur

Andhakasura SamharamTripura Dahanam

Kala Samharam

Daksha Samhanam

Kama Dahanam

Gajasura Samhanam

Jalandrasura Samharam

Brahma’s head was plucked

 

SAPTHA VIDANGA KSHETRA

Saptha Vidanga Kshetra are the seven places where the seven places where the seven Lingas said to have been brought by Mucukunda Chakravarti from Devaloka are worshpped. These Linga Murti’s are called “Vidanga” because they were created by Maya without a chisel (Vi means without and Danga means Chisel). Further each of these places are indentified with a dance form of Thyagaraja (Lord Siva)

PLACE NAME OF LORD DANCE
TiruvarurTirunallar

Nagapattinam

Tirukuvalai

Tiruvaimur

Tirukkaraivasal

Vedaranyam

Veedhi VidangarNagara Vidangar

Sundara Vidangar

Avani Vidangar

Nila Vidangar

Adi Vidangar

Bhuvani Vidangar

Ajapa NatanamUnmatha Natanam

Para Vira Taranga Natanam

Biringa Natanam

Kamala Natanam

Kukkuta Natanam

Hamsapada Natanam

PANCHA SABHA

The five places where Lord Nataraja performed his Tandavam are collectively known as Pancha Sabha meaning five assembly halls of Lord Nataraja

PLACE NAME OF SABHA DANCE
ChidambaramTiruvalangadu

Madurai

Tirunelveli

Kutralam

Kanaka SabhaRatna Sabha

Rajata Sabha

Tamira Sabha

Chitra Sabha

Ananda TandavamOordhva Tandavam

Sandhya Tandavam

Muni Tandavam

Tripura Tandavam

 

PANCHA ARAMA KSHETRAM

Pancha Arama Kshetram are those five places where the pieces of a Swayambhu Linga are installed. This Swayambhu Lingam was being carried by Tarakasura in his throat, which was broken into five pieces by Kumaraswamy (Subramanya) during the course of the battle with him and these pieces fell at the following places.

PLACE NAME OF LORD
DrakshashramaSamalkot

Gunipundi (Bhimavaram)

Palakollu

Amaravati

Drakshashrama SwamyBhimarama Swamy

Somarama Swamy

Kshirarama Swamy

Amararama Swamy

ARUPADAI VEEDU

The Arupadai Veedu are identified as directly associated with Lord Muruga. These six places collectively are called the Arupadai Veedu

PLACE
TiruttaniSwamimalai

Palani

Pazhamudir Solai

Tiruparakundram

Tiruchendur

Navagraha Kshetra

Worship of the Navagraha Murti is done in various ways not only to appease them for mitigation of their malefic influence but also to seek their blessings for acquiring peace, wealth, prosperity and longevity of life in the world. Perhaps, to satisfy this need, a shrine is set up apart for the planetary deities in all Siva temples. They are installed on a single platform with the Sun God as the presiding deity in the centre. There are however a few temples where one or the other of the Navagraha deities individually find a shrine exclusively dedicated for them

PLACE Planet
SuryanarkoilTirvarur / Tingaloor

Vaitheeswaran Kovil

Tirvenkadu

Alangudi

Kanjanoor

Tirunallar

Keezhperupallam

Tirunageswaram

SunMoon

Mangal (Mars)

Budha (Mercury)

Guru (Jupiter)

Sukra (Venus)

Shani (Saturn)

Ketu

Rahu

Ranganath

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